Custom Built Water Softening Equipment for Home or Business

Why Mr. Water LLC and what is a Water Softener?

Mr. Water Professional Water Treatment of Maryland custom designs and builds water softener systems of every kind for both residences and businesses. So what is a water softener and how does it work? 

A Water Softener is a mechanical plumbing apparatus that removes undesirable ions of calcium hardness, iron, manganese and other positively charged constituents in a water supply by exchanging them for more desirable ions of sodium or potassium in a complex process called ion exchange. Water Softeners are not water filters and when installed on a well system must have a properly sized filter between the well tank and resin (softener) tank for sediment. Sand and silt will eventually build up in any Water Softener and the abrasiveness can wear out and make seals leak, internal pistons stick, cause water pressure problems and will shorten the life of the control valve. A Water Softener installed on municipal water supplies MUST have a Carbon Filter before the system not only to remove chlorine taste and odor but to prevent chlorine degradation of the softening resin rendering it useless in less than 5 years.

The basic components of a water softener consist of:

  • A pressure vessel (tank) that contains a bed of cation exchange resin which does the actual softening of the water.
  • A tank or separate compartment used for salt storage and to hold the brine solution needed for regeneration of the resin.
  • A control valve that directs the flow of the water as the unit goes through it’s various regeneration cycles and into the service mode.
water treatment system

How to choose the Best Water Softener?

There are major differences in how Water Softening Equipment is constructed. Some of them are: The size and shape of the resin tank, how much resin is in that tank (dictates the capacity of the unit), whether resin tank is in the brine tank (called a cabinet model for saving space), and the type of control valve used. Control valves used in Water Softening Equipment range widely in size and quality depending on the price of the system and its intended application. Basic time clock controls regenerate the Softener on a given day or days and at a predetermined time regardless of how much water is used. This configuration is reliable and simple, but wasteful of salt, water, and over time can prematurely wear out the valve. Water Softeners with an electronic demand or demand initiated regeneration “metered” control valve have become the norm for consumers looking to save on salt, water consumption, and lengthen the life of the entire system. 

Some Water Softeners are made only for the consumer market – like the systems sold at Lowes® and Home Depot®. These are designed to be installed next to a washer and dryer and have a space saving profile. The price is right – but they are essentially disposable units that are not made for any type of problem well water situation and are difficult if not impossible to repair because parts are not readily available. 

Salt -Free or No Salt Water Softeners

They do not work!

So called “salt-free” or “no salt” Water Softeners are NOT Water Softeners at all and DO NOT actually soften water by removing any calcium, magnesium or iron from the water and they have NO peer reviewed scientific studies proving they work at all. Claims of catalytic processes and anti-scaling properties have no demonstrated validity. Ion exchange Water Softeners have been in use for over 85 years are the only type of system any home or business owner should consider purchasing.

Video of how water softeners work!